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.NetCore 使用 Linq 动态拼接Expression表达式条件来实现 对EF、EF Core 扩展查询排序操作

2018-08-01 16:38 387 查看

相信在使用EF的时候对查询条件或者排序上的处理令人心烦,下面我们就来动态拼接表达式解决这一问题

当我们在查询中使用Where的时候可以看到如下参数

下面我们就来扩展 Expression<Func<T,bool>> 这个参数

第一步: 建立处理功能类

首先我们要创建一个查询条件转化为表达式的泛型功能类 如 UosoExpressionParser<T> 至于为什么要用泛型类目的很明确就是为了适配不同的模型参数

转化条件为表达式 那么处理一个方法来接受条件 返回表达式,条件可以按照自己的模式去设置

public Expression<Func<T, bool>> ParserConditions(IEnumerable<UosoConditions> conditions)
{
//将条件转化成表达是的Body
var query = ParseExpressionBody(conditions);
return Expression.Lambda<Func<T, bool>>(query, parameter);
}
public class UosoConditions
{
/// <summary>
/// 字段名称
/// </summary>
public string Key { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 值
/// </summary>
public string Value { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 值类型
/// </summary>
public string ValueType { get; set; }
/// <summary>
///
/// </summary>
public UosoOperatorEnum Operator { get; set; }
}

第二步: 条件转表达式具体处理

具体去实现  ParseExpressionBody 条件 枚举提供操作方式 如:(like 、 = 、!= 、>   、<  、>=  、<=  、in 、 between) 

private Expression ParseExpressionBody(IEnumerable<UosoConditions> conditions)
{
if (conditions == null || conditions.Count() == 0)
{
return Expression.Constant(true, typeof(bool));
}
else if (conditions.Count() == 1)
{
return ParseCondition(conditions.First());
}
else
{
Expression left = ParseCondition(conditions.First());
Expression right = ParseExpressionBody(conditions.Skip(1));
return Expression.AndAlso(left, right);
}
}
private Expression ParseCondition(UosoConditions condition)
{
ParameterExpression p = parameter;
Expression key = Expression.Property(p, condition.Key);
Expression value = Expression.Constant(condition.Value);
switch (condition.Operator)
{
case UosoOperatorEnum.Contains:
return Expression.Call(key, typeof(string).GetMethod("Contains",new Type[] { typeof(string) }), value);
case UosoOperatorEnum.Equal:
return Expression.Equal(key, Expression.Convert(value, key.Type));
case UosoOperatorEnum.Greater:
return Expression.GreaterThan(key, Expression.Convert(value, key.Type));
case UosoOperatorEnum.GreaterEqual:
return Expression.GreaterThanOrEqual(key, Expression.Convert(value, key.Type));
case UosoOperatorEnum.Less:
return Expression.LessThan(key, Expression.Convert(value, key.Type));
case UosoOperatorEnum.LessEqual:
return Expression.LessThanOrEqual(key, Expression.Convert(value, key.Type));
case UosoOperatorEnum.NotEqual:
return Expression.NotEqual(key, Expression.Convert(value, key.Type));
case UosoOperatorEnum.In:
return ParaseIn(p, condition);
case UosoOperatorEnum.Between:
return ParaseBetween(p, condition);
default:
throw new NotImplementedException("不支持此操作");
}
}

这里对 In  和between 做了特殊处理

private Expression ParaseBetween(ParameterExpression parameter, UosoConditions conditions)
{
ParameterExpression p = parameter;
Expression key = Expression.Property(p, conditions.Key);
var valueArr = conditions.Value.Split(',');
if (valueArr.Length != 2)
{
throw new NotImplementedException("ParaseBetween参数错误");
}
try
{
int.Parse(valueArr[0]);
int.Parse(valueArr[1]);
}
catch {
throw new NotImplementedException("ParaseBetween参数只能为数字");
}
Expression expression = Expression.Constant(true, typeof(bool));
//开始位置
Expression startvalue = Expression.Constant(int.Parse(valueArr[0]));
Expression start = Expression.GreaterThanOrEqual(key, Expression.Convert(startvalue, key.Type));

Expression endvalue = Expression.Constant(int.Parse(valueArr[1]));
Expression end = Expression.GreaterThanOrEqual(key, Expression.Convert(endvalue, key.Type));
return Expression.AndAlso(start, end);
}
private Expression ParaseIn(ParameterExpression parameter, UosoConditions conditions)
{
ParameterExpression p = parameter;
Expression key = Expression.Property(p, conditions.Key);
var valueArr = conditions.Value.Split(',');
Expression expression = Expression.Constant(true, typeof(bool));
foreach (var itemVal in valueArr)
{
Expression value = Expression.Constant(itemVal);
Expression right = Expression.Equal(key, Expression.Convert(value, key.Type));

expression = Expression.Or(expression, right); } return expression; }

第三步: 扩展分页、排序、查询条件

扩展 IQueryable<T> 就OK了,下面是我扩展的查询 排序 分页处理

扩展查询

public static IQueryable<T> QueryConditions<T>(this IQueryable<T> query, IEnumerable<UosoConditions> conditions)
{
var parser = new UosoExpressionParser<T>();
var filter = parser.ParserConditions(conditions);
return query.Where(filter);
}

扩展多条件排序

public static IQueryable<T> OrderConditions<T>(this IQueryable<T> query, IEnumerable<UosoOrderConditions> orderConditions)
{
foreach (var orderinfo in orderConditions)
{
var t = typeof(T);
var propertyInfo = t.GetProperty(orderinfo.Key);
var parameter = Expression.Parameter(t);
Expression propertySelector = Expression.Property(parameter, propertyInfo);

var orderby = Expression.Lambda<Func<T, object>>(propertySelector, parameter);
if (orderinfo.Order == OrderSequence.DESC)
query = query.OrderByDescending(orderby);
else
query = query.OrderBy(orderby);

}
return query;
}

扩展分页

public static IQueryable<T> Pager<T>(this IQueryable<T> query, int pageindex, int pagesize,out int itemCount)
{
itemCount = query.Count();
return query.Skip((pageindex - 1) * pagesize).Take(pagesize);
}

扩展基本完成了,接下来就是使用方式 下面是我写的查询分页方式

第四步: 具体使用方式

public IList<IdentityUser> GetPagedList2(IEnumerable<UosoConditions>  conditions,IEnumerable<UosoOrderConditions> orderConditions,int pageIndex, int pageSize,out int itemcount)
{
return _userManager.Users.AsNoTracking().QueryConditions(conditions).OrderConditions(orderConditions).Pager(pageIndex, pageSize, out itemcount).ToList();
}

你需要构建相关的查询排序集合类就行了 如下:

List<UosoConditions> uosoConditions = new List<UosoConditions>() {
new UosoConditions { Key = "UserName", Operator = UosoOperatorEnum.Contains, Value = "1,3", ValueType = "string" }
};
List<UosoOrderConditions> orderConditions = new List<UosoOrderConditions> {
new UosoOrderConditions{
Key="UserName",
Order = OrderSequence.DESC
},
new UosoOrderConditions{
Key="PhoneNumber",
Order = OrderSequence.DESC
}
};
int itemcount = 0;
var list = _userServices.GetPagedList2(uosoConditions, orderConditions, pageindex, pagesize, out itemcount);

第五步:结合前端分页样式实现整体(之前的有介绍)

ViewBag.Option = new UosoPagerOption()
{
ItemCount = itemcount,
PageSize = pagesize,
PageIndex = pageindex,
CountNum = 5,
Url = Request.Path.Value,
Query = Request.Query
};

 

以上是实现分页的全部过程,这里值得注意的是 在 like查询 Contains的时候,在.NetCore中需要如下这样写,不然可能会出现反射多次被实例化的问题

typeof(string).GetMethod("Contains",new Type[] { typeof(string) }) 

 如果是.Net Framework 中 为如下方式 

typeof(string).GetMethod("Contains")

 

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