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2021-04-12:判断二叉树是否是搜索二叉树?

2021-04-12 22:57 127 查看 https://blog.51cto.com/u_14891

2021-04-12:判断二叉树是否是搜索二叉树?

福大大 答案2021-04-12:

中序遍历有序即可。
1.递归。
2.莫里斯遍历。

代码用golang编写。代码如下:

package main

import "fmt"

const INT_MAX = int(^uint(0) >> 1)
const INT_MIN = ^INT_MAX

func main() {
head := &TreeNode{Val: 5}
head.Left = &TreeNode{Val: 3}
head.Right = &TreeNode{Val: 7}
head.Left.Left = &TreeNode{Val: 2}
head.Left.Right = &TreeNode{Val: 4}
head.Right.Left = &TreeNode{Val: 6}
head.Right.Right = &TreeNode{Val: 8}
ret := isBST1(head)
fmt.Println("递归:", ret)
fmt.Println("----")
ret = isBST2(head)
fmt.Println("莫里斯遍历:", ret)
}

//Definition for a binary tree node.
type TreeNode struct {
Val   int
Left  *TreeNode
Right *TreeNode
}

func isBST1(head *TreeNode) bool {
if head == nil {
return true
}
ansVal := true
ans := &ansVal
preVal := INT_MIN
pre := &preVal
process(head, pre, ans)
return *ans
}
func process(head *TreeNode, pre *int, ans *bool) {
if head == nil {
return
}
if *ans {
process(head.Left, pre, ans)
}
if *ans {
if *pre > head.Val {
*ans = false
} else {
*pre = head.Val
}
}
if *ans {
process(head.Right, pre, ans)
}
}

// 根据morris遍历改写
func isBST2(head *TreeNode) bool {
if head == nil {
return true
}
cur := head
var mostRight *TreeNode
preVal := INT_MIN
for cur != nil {
mostRight = cur.Left
if mostRight != nil {
for mostRight.Right != nil && mostRight.Right != cur {
mostRight = mostRight.Right
}
if mostRight.Right == nil { //先 第一次到达
mostRight.Right = cur
cur = cur.Left
continue
} else { //后 第二次到达
mostRight.Right = nil
}
} else { //先 只有一次到达
}

//此时cur就是中序
if preVal > cur.Val {
return false
} else {
preVal = cur.Val
}

//中
cur = cur.Right

}
//后
return true
}

执行结果如下:

左神java代码
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