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asp.net core 腾讯验证码的接入示例代码

2019-10-30 18:06 1386 查看

Intro

之前使用的验证码服务是用的极验验证,而且是比较旧的,好久之前接入的,而且验证码服务依赖 Session,有点不太灵活,后来发现腾讯也有验证码服务,而且支持小程序,并且是唯一支持小程序的验证码。。(垄断么。。)

而且相比之下,腾讯验证码不需要依赖 Session,集成起来也比较方便,于是就用了腾讯验证码,详细参考:https://007.qq.com/product.html?ADTAG=index.block

验证流程

服务器端接入

using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Options;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using WeihanLi.Extensions;

namespace ActivityReservation.Common
{
public class TencentCaptchaOptions
{
/// <summary>
/// 客户端AppId
/// </summary>
[Required]
public string AppId { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// App Secret Key
/// </summary>
[Required]
public string AppSecret { get; set; }
}

public class TencentCaptchaRequest
{
/// <summary>
/// 验证码客户端验证回调的票据
/// </summary>
public string Ticket { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 验证码客户端验证回调的随机串
/// </summary>
public string Nonce { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 提交验证的用户的IP地址(eg: 10.127.10.2)
/// </summary>
public string UserIP { get; set; }
}

public class TencentCaptchaHelper
{
private class TencentCaptchaResponse
{
/// <summary>
/// 1:验证成功,0:验证失败,100:AppSecretKey参数校验错误
/// </summary>
[JsonProperty("response")]
public int Code { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 恶意等级 [0, 100]
/// </summary>
[JsonProperty("evil_level")]
public string EvilLevel { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 错误信息
/// </summary>
[JsonProperty("err_msg")]
public string ErrorMsg { get; set; }
}

private const string TencentCaptchaVerifyUrl = "https://ssl.captcha.qq.com/ticket/verify";
private readonly TencentCaptchaOptions _captchaOptions;
private readonly ILogger _logger;
private readonly HttpClient _httpClient;

public TencentCaptchaHelper(
IOptions<TencentCaptchaOptions> option,
ILogger<TencentCaptchaHelper> logger,
HttpClient httpClient)
{
_captchaOptions = option.Value;
_logger = logger;
_httpClient = httpClient;
}

public async Task<bool> IsValidRequestAsync(TencentCaptchaRequest request)
{
// 参考文档:https://007.qq.com/captcha/#/gettingStart
var response = await _httpClient.GetAsync(
$"{TencentCaptchaVerifyUrl}?aid={_captchaOptions.AppId}&AppSecretKey={_captchaOptions.AppSecret}&Ticket={request.Ticket}&Randstr={request.Nonce}&UserIP={request.UserIP}");
var responseText = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
if (responseText.IsNotNullOrEmpty())
{
_logger.Debug($"Tencent captcha verify response:{responseText}");
var result = responseText.JsonToType<TencentCaptchaResponse>();
if (result.Code == 1)
{
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
}
}

Startup 配置:

services.AddHttpClient<TencentCaptchaHelper>(client => client.Timeout = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(3))
.ConfigurePrimaryHttpMessageHandler(() => new NoProxyHttpClientHandler());
services.AddTencentCaptchaHelper(options =>
{
options.AppId = Configuration["Tencent:Captcha:AppId"];
options.AppSecret = Configuration["Tencent:Captcha:AppSecret"];
});

前端接入

前端接入这里不作多介绍了,接入方式多种多样,具体可以参考官方文档:https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/1110/36841

下面的代码是 angular spa 在前端接入的核心代码

private loadCaptcha(): void {
var tCaptcha = document.getElementById("tCaptcha");
if (tCaptcha) {
this.InitCaptcha();
return;
}
let script = <any>document.createElement('script');
script.id = "tCaptcha";
script.type = 'text/javascript';
script.src = "https://ssl.captcha.qq.com/TCaptcha.js"
if (script.readyState) { //IE
script.onreadystatechange = () => {
if (script.readyState === "loaded" || script.readyState === "complete") {
this.InitCaptcha();
}
};
} else { //Others
script.onload = () => {
this.InitCaptcha();
};
}
document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0].appendChild(script);
}

private InitCaptcha(): void {
let captchaDom = document.getElementById('TencentCaptcha1');
if (!captchaDom) {
return;
}
this.tencentRecaptcha = new TencentCaptcha(
captchaDom, appId, (res) => {
this.captchaValid = false;
console.log(res);
// res(用户主动关闭验证码)= {ret: 2, ticket: null}
// res(验证成功) = {ret: 0, ticket: "String", randstr: "String"}
if (res.ret === 0) {
this.captchaInfo.nonce = res.randstr;
this.captchaInfo.ticket = res.ticket;
this.captchaValid = true;
this.tencentRecaptcha.destroy();

let button = <HTMLElement>document.getElementById("btnSubmit");
button.click();
}
}
);
console.log(`captcha inited`);
this.tencentRecaptcha.show();
}

使用效果:

老版网站接入效果:

Reference

https://github.com/WeihanLi/ActivityReservation
https://reservation.weihanli.xyz/Home/Reservate
https://reservation-client.weihanli.xyz/reservation/new
https://cloud.tencent.com/document/product/1110/36841

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