您的位置:首页 > 运维架构 > Shell

Bash数组-判断某个元素是否在数组内的几种方法

thatsit 2019-08-07 00:19 2426 查看

声明一个数组array,一个待测试元素var

array=(
element1
element2
element3
)

var="element1"

接下来用几种方法来分别测试var是否是array中的元素

判断方法1:

echo "${array[@]}" | grep -wq "$var" &&  echo "Yes" || echo "No"

判断方法2:

for i in ${array[@]}
do
[ "$i" == "$var" ] && echo "yes"
done

判断方法3:这是个人感觉最巧妙的一种测试方法,使用了bash数组的内置方法。

[[ ${array[@]/${var}/} != ${array[@]} ]] && echo "Yes" || echo "No"

测试演示

# 声明数组array、变量var
[root(0)@thatsit ~]# array=(
> element1
> element2
> element3
> )
[root(0)@thatsit ~]#
[root(0)@thatsit ~]# var="element1"
# 确认数组和变量值
[root(0)@thatsit ~]# echo ${array[@]}
element1 element2 element3
[root(0)@thatsit ~]# echo $var
element1
[root(0)@thatsit ~]#
# 判断方法1
[root(0)@thatsit ~]# echo "${array[@]}" | grep -wq "$var" &&  echo "Yes" || echo "No"
Yes
[root(0)@thatsit ~]#
# 判断方法2
[root(0)@thatsit ~]# for i in ${array[@]}
> do
>    [ "$i" == "$var" ] && echo "yes"
> done
yes
[root(0)@thatsit ~]#
# 判断方法3
[root(0)@thatsit ~]# [[ ${array[@]/${var}/} != ${array[@]} ]] && echo "Yes" || echo "No"
Yes
[root(0)@thatsit ~]#
标签: