您的位置:首页 > 产品设计 > UI/UE

使用.net FtpWebRequest 实现FTP常用功能 上传 下载 获取文件列表 移动 切换目录 改名

gavin_luo 2009-02-18 17:47 393 查看
平时根本没时间搞FTP什么的,现在这个项目需要搞FTP,为什么呢,我给大家说下项目背景,我们的一个应用程序上需要上传图片,但是用户部署程序的服务器上不让上传任何东西,给了我们一个FTP账号和密码,让我们把图片保存到另一台所谓的文件服务器上面。

建立ftp通信,写入文件流,ok , 但是显示的时候就麻烦了,不能直接写<img src = "ftp://121.131.131.1" />这样的代码啊,因为这样写的话,你浏览的时候还要登陆Ftp账户,每次都要弹出一个用户登陆框,So,决定显示图片的时候再把图片读出来放到内存里,然后输出到Response里面,把Response的ContentType设置成相对应的类型,比如 Image/gif Image/jpeg Image/png Appliaction/pdf.

下面是一些常用的ftp操作文件的方法(摘抄于网络) 不过获取文件 和获取文件夹和文件 有问题,本人已重写过

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Globalization;
namespace FtpTest1
{
public class FtpWeb
{
string ftpServerIP;
string ftpRemotePath;
string ftpUserID;
string ftpPassword;
string ftpURI;
/// <summary>
/// 连接FTP
/// </summary>
/// <param name="FtpServerIP">FTP连接地址</param>
/// <param name="FtpRemotePath">指定FTP连接成功后的当前目录, 如果不指定即默认为根目录</param>
/// <param name="FtpUserID">用户名</param>
/// <param name="FtpPassword">密码</param>
public FtpWeb(string FtpServerIP, string FtpRemotePath, string FtpUserID, string FtpPassword)
{
ftpServerIP = FtpServerIP;
ftpRemotePath = FtpRemotePath;
ftpUserID = FtpUserID;
ftpPassword = FtpPassword;
ftpURI = "ftp://" + ftpServerIP + "/" + ftpRemotePath + "/";
}
/// <summary>
/// 上传
/// </summary>
/// <param name="filename"></param>
public void Upload(string filename)
{
FileInfo fileInf = new FileInfo(filename);
string uri = ftpURI + fileInf.Name;
FtpWebRequest reqFTP;
reqFTP = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(uri));
reqFTP.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ftpUserID, ftpPassword);
reqFTP.KeepAlive = false;
reqFTP.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.UploadFile;
reqFTP.UseBinary = true;
reqFTP.ContentLength = fileInf.Length;
int buffLength = 2048;
byte[] buff = new byte[buffLength];
int contentLen;
FileStream fs = fileInf.OpenRead();
try
{
Stream strm = reqFTP.GetRequestStream();
contentLen = fs.Read(buff, 0, buffLength);
while (contentLen != 0)
{
strm.Write(buff, 0, contentLen);
contentLen = fs.Read(buff, 0, buffLength);
}
strm.Close();
fs.Close();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Insert_Standard_ErrorLog.Insert("FtpWeb", "Upload Error --> " + ex.Message);
}
}
/// <summary>
/// 下载
/// </summary>
/// <param name="filePath"></param>
/// <param name="fileName"></param>
public void Download(string filePath, string fileName)
{
FtpWebRequest reqFTP;
try
{
FileStream outputStream = new FileStream(filePath + "//" + fileName, FileMode.Create);
reqFTP = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(ftpURI + fileName));
reqFTP.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.DownloadFile;
reqFTP.UseBinary = true;
reqFTP.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ftpUserID, ftpPassword);
FtpWebResponse response = (FtpWebResponse)reqFTP.GetResponse();
Stream ftpStream = response.GetResponseStream();
long cl = response.ContentLength;
int bufferSize = 2048;
int readCount;
byte[] buffer = new byte[bufferSize];
readCount = ftpStream.Read(buffer, 0, bufferSize);
while (readCount > 0)
{
outputStream.Write(buffer, 0, readCount);
readCount = ftpStream.Read(buffer, 0, bufferSize);
}
ftpStream.Close();
outputStream.Close();
response.Close();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Insert_Standard_ErrorLog.Insert("FtpWeb", "Download Error --> " + ex.Message);
}
}
/// <summary>
/// 删除文件
/// </summary>
/// <param name="fileName"></param>
public void Delete(string fileName)
{
try
{
string uri = ftpURI + fileName;
FtpWebRequest reqFTP;
reqFTP = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(uri));
reqFTP.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ftpUserID, ftpPassword);
reqFTP.KeepAlive = false;
reqFTP.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.DeleteFile;
string result = String.Empty;
FtpWebResponse response = (FtpWebResponse)reqFTP.GetResponse();
long size = response.ContentLength;
Stream datastream = response.GetResponseStream();
StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(datastream);
result = sr.ReadToEnd();
sr.Close();
datastream.Close();
response.Close();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Insert_Standard_ErrorLog.Insert("FtpWeb", "Delete Error --> " + ex.Message + "  文件名:" + fileName);
}
}
/// <summary>
/// 获取当前目录下明细(包含文件和文件夹)
/// </summary>
/// <returns></returns>
public string[] GetFilesDetailList()
{
string[] downloadFiles;
try
{
StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
FtpWebRequest ftp;
ftp = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(ftpURI));
ftp.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ftpUserID, ftpPassword);
ftp.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.ListDirectoryDetails;
WebResponse response = ftp.GetResponse();
StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream());
string line = reader.ReadLine();
line = reader.ReadLine();
line = reader.ReadLine();
while (line != null)
{
result.Append(line);
result.Append("/n");
line = reader.ReadLine();
}
result.Remove(result.ToString().LastIndexOf("/n"), 1);
reader.Close();
response.Close();
return result.ToString().Split('/n');
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
downloadFiles = null;
Insert_Standard_ErrorLog.Insert("FtpWeb", "GetFilesDetailList Error --> " + ex.Message);
return downloadFiles;
}
}
/// <summary>
/// 获取FTP文件列表包括文件夹
/// </summary>
/// <returns></returns>
private string[] GetAllList(string url,string userid,string password)
{
List<string> list = new List<string>();
FtpWebRequest req = (FtpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(new Uri(url));
req.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(userid, password);
req.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.ListDirectory;
req.UseBinary = true;
req.UsePassive = true;
try
{
using (FtpWebResponse res = (FtpWebResponse)req.GetResponse())
{
using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(res.GetResponseStream()))
{
string s;
while ((s = sr.ReadLine()) != null)
{
list.Add(s);
}
}
}
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
throw (ex);
}
return list.ToArray();
}
/// <summary>
/// 获取当前目录下文件列表 不包括文件夹
/// </summary>
/// <returns></returns>
public string[] GetFileList(string url,string userid,string password)
{

StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
FtpWebRequest reqFTP;
try
{
reqFTP = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(url));
reqFTP.UseBinary = true;
reqFTP.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(userid, password);
reqFTP.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.ListDirectoryDetails;
WebResponse response = reqFTP.GetResponse();
StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream());
string line = reader.ReadLine();
while (line != null)
{

if (line.IndexOf("<DIR>")==-1)
{
result.Append(Regex.Match(line, @"[/S]+ [/S]+", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase).Value.Split(' ')[1]);
result.Append("/n");
}
line = reader.ReadLine();
}
result.Remove(result.ToString().LastIndexOf('/n'), 1);
reader.Close();
response.Close();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
throw (ex);
}
return result.ToString().Split('/n');
}

/// <summary>
/// 判断当前目录下指定的子目录是否存在
/// </summary>
/// <param name="RemoteDirectoryName">指定的目录名</param>
public bool DirectoryExist(string RemoteDirectoryName)
{
string[] dirList = GetDirectoryList();
foreach (string str in dirList)
{
if (str.Trim() == RemoteDirectoryName.Trim())
{
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
/// <summary>
/// 判断当前目录下指定的文件是否存在
/// </summary>
/// <param name="RemoteFileName">远程文件名</param>
public bool FileExist(string RemoteFileName)
{
string[] fileList = GetFileList("*.*");
foreach (string str in fileList)
{
if (str.Trim() == RemoteFileName.Trim())
{
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
/// <summary>
/// 创建文件夹
/// </summary>
/// <param name="dirName"></param>
public void MakeDir(string dirName)
{
FtpWebRequest reqFTP;
try
{
// dirName = name of the directory to create.
reqFTP = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(ftpURI + dirName));
reqFTP.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.MakeDirectory;
reqFTP.UseBinary = true;
reqFTP.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ftpUserID, ftpPassword);
FtpWebResponse response = (FtpWebResponse)reqFTP.GetResponse();
Stream ftpStream = response.GetResponseStream();
ftpStream.Close();
response.Close();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Insert_Standard_ErrorLog.Insert("FtpWeb", "MakeDir Error --> " + ex.Message);
}
}
/// <summary>
/// 获取指定文件大小
/// </summary>
/// <param name="filename"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
public long GetFileSize(string filename)
{
FtpWebRequest reqFTP;
long fileSize = 0;
try
{
reqFTP = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(ftpURI + filename));
reqFTP.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.GetFileSize;
reqFTP.UseBinary = true;
reqFTP.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ftpUserID, ftpPassword);
FtpWebResponse response = (FtpWebResponse)reqFTP.GetResponse();
Stream ftpStream = response.GetResponseStream();
fileSize = response.ContentLength;
ftpStream.Close();
response.Close();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Insert_Standard_ErrorLog.Insert("FtpWeb", "GetFileSize Error --> " + ex.Message);
}
return fileSize;
}
/// <summary>
/// 改名
/// </summary>
/// <param name="currentFilename"></param>
/// <param name="newFilename"></param>
public void ReName(string currentFilename, string newFilename)
{
FtpWebRequest reqFTP;
try
{
reqFTP = (FtpWebRequest)FtpWebRequest.Create(new Uri(ftpURI + currentFilename));
reqFTP.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.Rename;
reqFTP.RenameTo = newFilename;
reqFTP.UseBinary = true;
reqFTP.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ftpUserID, ftpPassword);
FtpWebResponse response = (FtpWebResponse)reqFTP.GetResponse();
Stream ftpStream = response.GetResponseStream();
ftpStream.Close();
response.Close();
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Insert_Standard_ErrorLog.Insert("FtpWeb", "ReName Error --> " + ex.Message);
}
}
/// <summary>
/// 移动文件
/// </summary>
/// <param name="currentFilename"></param>
/// <param name="newFilename"></param>
public void MovieFile(string currentFilename, string newDirectory)
{
ReName(currentFilename, newDirectory);
}
/// <summary>
/// 切换当前目录
/// </summary>
/// <param name="DirectoryName"></param>
/// <param name="IsRoot">true 绝对路径   false 相对路径</param>
public void GotoDirectory(string DirectoryName, bool IsRoot)
{
if (IsRoot)
{
ftpRemotePath = DirectoryName;
}
else
{
ftpRemotePath += DirectoryName + "/";
}
ftpURI = "ftp://" + ftpServerIP + "/" + ftpRemotePath + "/";
}
}
标签: 
相关文章推荐
章节导航